Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Chang San-Feng: The Theory of Tai Chi

In any action, the whole body should be light and agile.
One should feel that all of the body’s joints are connected with full linkage.
Qi should be stirred. The spirit of vitality, or shen, should be concentrated inwards.
Do not show any deficiency, neither concavity nor convexity in movement.
Do not show disconnected movement.
The jin is rooted in the feet, bursts out in the legs, is controlled by the waist and functions through the hands.
From the feet to the legs, legs to the waist; all should be moved as a unit.
By moving as a unit, one can advance or retreat with precise timing and have the most advantageous position.
If precise timing and good position are not achieved and the body does not move as a unit, then the waist and legs need more development; they may not be strong or flexible enough.
This often shows when moving up or down, backwards or forwards.
Where there is something up, there must be something down.
Where there is something forwards, there must be something backwards.
Where there is something left, there must be something right.
If one intends to move up, one must simultaneously show a contrary tendency (downwards) and loosen the roots, so that it can be easily pushed off.
One must distinguish substantiality from insubstantiality.
Where there is substantiality, there must be insubstantiality.
In all ways, one has to distinguish one from the other.
The whole body should be linked together through every joint; do not show any interruptions.

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